Looking for a garden planting guide? Sometimes it's unclear what you should be planting in what season. It’s fairly complicated as there are many different climates, season variations and so on. Use this garden planting guide to know when to plant what for where you live.
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One basic piece of seasonal advice is to pay attention to the last frost. The last frost signifies the beginning of the growing season. Different plants need to be planted at different times during the growing season so knowing the beginning period is important. You can start many seeds before the first frost. There will be directions on your seed packets stating when you should do this.
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Tropical gardening enjoys longer seasons and more warmth and sunlight to grow bigger plants. You can even do two crops if you do it right in this amiable climate. Summer is often too hot, a good time to leave your garden fallow but once you get the hang of it you can enjoy beautiful, healthy gardens to feed you year-round.
One main thing involving tropical or sub-tropical gardening is the soil quality. Sandy soil needs to be mixed with composted manure in order to provide nutrients for growing plants.
Beetroot, beans, broccoli, endive, parsnips and potatoes are examples of vegetables you can plant throughout the year, but not in summer. Some plants like radishes, lettuces, tomatoes, spring onions and capsicum can be planted year-round. Veggies like turnips, peas and asparagus should be planted in the winter, while corn and sweet potatoes can be planted anytime but winter. As always pay attention to your seed packets.
On the other extreme is cold climate gardening. It’s not entirely impossible, though gardens don’t flourish like they do in temperate climates. The growing season is short, so planting vegetables that can be stored, frozen or canned is ideal. Summer is the best growing season, so sowing seeds to be ready for planting in early summer is your best bet.
Vegetables like lettuce, herbs and radishes can be grown nearly year-round provided they don’t get frozen in the process. Hardier root vegetables like potatoes, parsnips and carrots can be planted in early spring and harvested in late summer or early fall but most veggies in cold climates only have a few month window to grow and be harvested. Your best bet is to have a greenhouse where things can be started early, and be sure to plant in a sunny area with good fertilized soil for optimum growth. Winter is pretty much a write off, but root veggies store wonderfully in dry, cool and dark places so you can still have homegrown produce year round.
As the name obviates temperate climate gardening is ideal, neither too cold or too hot. Some temperate areas do receive frost in the winter, which does stop the growing season for a couple of months but generally plants can be started in early spring and grown until late fall.
Veggies like beetroot, parsnips and lettuces can be started in the middle of winter inside and planted once the last frost is over. Most vegetables like cucumbers, eggplant, rhubarb, corn, squash and tomatoes can all be sown at the end of winter, moving into early spring.
Spinach, peas, onions and broccoli should be sown in the summer and will be ready for harvest in fall.
The actual months of planting differ between hemispheres, as each climate type exists in both north and south hemispheres of the world but seasons remain the same. Perhaps you've just moved to a different climate, say from the cold north to the tropics and you've noticed your regular gardening schedule doesn't work. This is entirely because of climate and soil quality. Tropical climates still have a rainy season but it is nothing like the freezing cold winters of Canada or Scandinavia. On the other hand because tropical climates and even some temperate climates are so amiable you may be dealing with a larger amount of disease, pests and insects that want a share in your garden.
This basic garden planting guide will help you get the gist of what should be planted when, depending on what climate you're located in. As always, buy local seeds and talk to experienced gardeners and farmers who will tell you more detailed information about what's in store for your garden this season.
Like to keep notes on what your plants are doing? Click and Print the free Plant Notes Page.